Phytolith Sample database


Modern


Fossil


Plant

Filter by

Title Category Description
AsikliFossil

Sample: Asikli
Latitude: 38.349339
Longitude:
34.229694
Age:
7,000-9,000 B.C.
Reference: Tsartsidou G., in press. The microscopic record of Aşıklı Höyük: Phytolith analysis of material from the 2012-2016 field seasons. In Özbaşaran, M. – Duru, G., Stiner M. C., (eds) Aşıklı Höyük: Essays in Honour of Ufuk Esin. Ege Yayınları, İstanbul

TirynsFossil

Sample: Tiryns
Latitude: 37.599657
Longitude:
22.80022
Age:
1,200-1,400 B.C.
Reference: Vetters M., Brysbaert A., Ntinou M, Tsartsidou G. & Margaritis E., 2016. People and Plants. Piecing together Archaeological and  Archaeobotanical Data to Reconstruct Plant use and Craft Activities in Mycenaean Tiryns. Opuscula 9

Koros RegionFossil

Sample: Koros Region
Latitude: 46.957534
Longitude:
20.71189
Age:
4,500-5000 B.C.
Reference: Parkinson, W.A. Gyucha, A., Karkanas, P., Papadopoulos, N., Tsartsidou, G., Sarris, A., Duffy, P.R., Yerkes, R. W., 2017.  A landscape of tells: Geophysics and microstratigraphy at two Neolithic tell sites on the Great Hungarian Plain. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 19, 903-924

SarakiniModern

Sample: Makri
Latitude: 41.19647
Longitude:
25.714433
Age:
Modern, Current vegetation: Sub-Mediterranenan subcontinental Balkan oak forests
Reference: Tsartsidou, G., S. Lev-Yadun, N. Efstratiou and S. Weiner, 2008. Ethnoarchaeological study of phytolith assemblages from an agro-pastoral village in Northern Greece (Sarakini): development and application of a Phytolith Difference Index. Journal of Archaeological Science 35:600-613

MakriFossil

Sample: Makri
Latitude: 40.848355
Longitude:
25.747308
Age:
6,000-5,000 B.C.
Reference: Tsartsidou, G., S. Lev-Yadun, N. Efstratiou and S. Weiner, 2009. Use of Space in a Neolithic Village in Greece (Makri): Phytolith Analysis and Comparison of Phytolith Assemblages from an Ethnographic Setting in the Same Area. Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 2342–2352

Nissi beachFossil

Sample: Nissi beach
Latitude: 34.988356
Longitude:
33.969331
Age:
5,000-4,000 B.C.
Reference: Ammerman, A.J., Flourentzos, P. Kaczanowska, M., Kozlowski, J.K. Tsartsidou, G., S.W. Alexandrowicz, 2012. Phytolith study at Nissi Beach, Cyprus. Fifth Report on the Investigations of Early Sites on Cyprus RDAC I

Dispilio LakeFossil

Sample: Dispilio Lake
Latitude: 40.479868
Longitude:
21.290235
Age:
4,000-6,000 B.C.
Reference: Karkanas, P. Pavlopoulos, K., Kouli, K., Ntinou, M., Tsartsidou, G., Facorellis, Y., Triantaphyllou, M. and T. Tsourou, 2011. Paleoenvironment and site formation processes of the Neolithic lakeside site of Dispilio, Kastoria, northern Greece. Geoarchaeology 26, 1: 83-117

Marathousa 1Fossil

Sample: Marathousa 1
Latitude: 37.413418
Longitude:
22.092465
Age:
400-500 ka
Reference: Field M.H., Ntinou M., Tsartsidou, G., van Berge Henegouwen D., Risberg J., Tourloukis, V., Panagopoulopu, E. & Harvati, K, in press. A detailed, local palaeoenvironmental reconstruction (based on palaeobotanical data) of the elephant site at Marathousa (site 1), Megalopoli, Greece. Quaternary International

KranionasModern

Sample: Kranionas
Latitude:
40.619315
Longitude:
21.2132475
Age:
Modern,
Current vegetation: Sub-mediterraenan Balkan oak forests 
Reference: Friesem D. E., Tsartsidou, G., Karkanas P. and R. Shahack-Gross, 2014. Where are the roofs? A geo-ethnoarchaeological study of mud brick structures and their collapse processes, focusing on the identification of roofs Journal of Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, vol. 6 (1): 73-92.

Ayia Sotira cemeteryFossil

Sample: Ayia Sotira cemetery
Latitude: 
37.821326
Longitude:
22.701725
Age:
1,200-1,400 B.C.
Reference: 
Tsartsidou G., 2017. Phytolith analysis from the sediments of Ayia Sotira. In Ayia Sotira A Mycenaean Chamber Tomb Cemetery in the Nemea Valley, Greece, (Eds) Angus R., Smith K., Dabney M. K., Pappi E., Triantaphyllou S., Wright J.C. INSTAP Academic Press Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Alepotrypa caveFossil

Sample: Alepotrypa cave
Latitude:
36.638493
Longitude:
22.382339
Age: 
4,000-5500 B.C.
Reference: 
Tsartsidou, G. 2018. Phytolith analysis from the sediments of Alepotrypa Cave. In: Papathanassiou, A., Parkinson, W.A., Pullen, D.J., Galaty, M.L., Karkanas, P. (Eds.), Neolithic Alepotrpa Cave in the Mani, Greece. Oxford, Oxbow Books, pp. 360-372

Theopetra caveFossil

Sample: Theopetra cave
Latitude: 
39.679648
Longitude: 
21.681391
Age: 
40-140 ka
Reference: 
Tsartsidou, G., Karkanas P., Marshall, G. and Kyparissi-Apostolika, N., 2015. Phytolith analysis at Theopetra cave, Thessaly, Greece: the investigation of climate, vegetation and subsistence practices during the late Pleistocene Journal of Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 7, 169-185

WillendorfPlant

Sample: Willendorf
Latitude: 48,3166654
Longitude:
15,3833318
Age:
Late Pleistocene

TulskPlant

Sample: Tulsk
Latitude:
53,778452
Longitude:
-8,25406
Age:
600 BP
Current vegetation:
Pasture

Raqefet CaveFossil

Sample: Raqefet Cave
Latitude:
32,85625
Longitude:
35,250138
Age:
13,000 BP
Current vegetation: 
Mediterranean oak shrubland
Reference:
Power, R.C., Rosen, A.M., Nadel, D., 2014. The economic and ritual utilization of plants at the Raqefet Cave Natufian site: the evidence from phytoliths. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 33, 49-65; Nadel, N,, Danin, A., Power, R.C., Rosen, A.M., Bocquentin, F., Tsatskin, A., Rosenberg, D., Yeshurun, R., Weissbrod, L., Rebollo, N.R., Barzilai, O., Boaretto, E., 2013. Earliest floral grave lining from 13,700- 11,700-y-old Natufian burials at Raqefet Cave, Mt. Carmel, Israel. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110(29).

Taï National Park Modern

Sample: Taï National Park 
Latitude:
5,684857
Longitude:
-7,108943
Age:
Modern
Current vegetation: 
Primary rainforest
Reference: 
Power, R.C., Salazar-García, D.C., Wittig, R.M., Freiberg, M., Henry, A.G., 2015. Dental calculus evidence of plant diet and life history transitions in the Taï Forest Chimpanzees. Scientific Reports 5, 15161.

DerraghFossil,Plant

Sample: Derragh
Latitude:
53,757221
Longitude:
-7,394755
Age:
7 kya
Current vegetation: 
Bog woodland
Reference: 
Power, R.C., Rosen, A.M., Nadel, D., 2014. The economic and ritual utilization of plants at the Raqefet Cave Natufian site: the evidence from phytoliths. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 33, 49-65; Nadel, N,, Danin, A., Power, R.C., Rosen, A.M., Bo

Faraoskop

Sample: Faraoskop
Latitude:
-32,125278
Longitude: 
18,614444
Age: 
2 kya
Current vegetation: 
Fynbos
Reference:
Power, R.C., 2018. Phytoliths at Derragh, Co. Longford. IQUA fieldguide. 

Robinette Mtn.-1 (RBM-1)Fossil

Sample: Robinette Mtn.-1 (RBM-1) 
Latitude: 46,139
Longitude: -117,94
Age: 0-50 Ka
Current vegetation: Abies grandis-Pseudotsuga forest
Reference: Blinnikov, M., Busacca, A., Whitlock, C., 2002. Reconstruction of the Late Pleistocene grassland of the Columbia Basin, WA, USA from the phytolith records in loess. Palaeogeog, Palaeoclim, Palaeoecol. 177, 77-101.

Vernon Marll-1 (VM-1)Fossil

Sample: Vernon Marll-1 (VM-1)
Latitude: 46,295
Longitude: -117,79
Age: 0-50 Ka
Current vegetation: Pinus ponderosa forest and parkland
Reference: Blinnikov, M., Busacca, A., Whitlock, C., 2002. Reconstruction of the Late Pleistocene grassland of the Columbia Basin, WA, USA from the phytolith records in loess. Palaeogeog, Palaeoclim, Palaeoecol. 177, 77-101.

Cemetery Hill Rd.-1 (CHR-1)Fossil

Sample: Cemetery Hill Rd.-1 (CHR-1)
Latitude: 46,31
Longitude: -117,95
Age: 0-100 Ka 
Current vegetation: Festuca-Agropyron-Koeleria grassland
Reference: Blinnikov, M., Busacca, A., Whitlock, C., 2002. Reconstruction of the Late Pleistocene grassland of the Columbia Basin, WA, USA from the phytolith records in loess. Palaeogeog, Palaeoclim, Palaeoecol. 177, 77-101.

Kahlotus-Pasco-1 (KP-1)Fossil

Sample: Kahlotus-Pasco-1 (KP-1)
Latitude: 46,519
Longitude: -118,625
Age: 0-90 Ka
Current vegetation: Palouse Artemisia shrubland and Festuca-Agropyron grassland
Reference: Blinnikov, M., Busacca, A., Whitlock, C., 2002. Reconstruction of the Late Pleistocene grassland of the Columbia Basin, WA, USA from the phytolith records in loess. Palaeogeog, Palaeoclim, Palaeoecol. 177, 77-101.

Lindsay Prairie Preserve, ORModern

Sample: Lindsay Prairie Preserve, OR
Latitude: 45.592 
Longitude: -119.65
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Agropyron dasystachium-Oryzopsis grassland
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98. 

Dewey Lake, WAModern

Sample: Dewey Lake, WA
Latitude: 46,854
Longitude: -121,483
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Tsuga mertensiana-Abies lasiocarpa forest
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98.

Chase Mtn., Umatilla NF, WAModern

Sample: Chase Mtn., Umatilla NF, WA
Latitude: 46,092
Longitude: -117,858
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Abies grandis-Pseudotsuga forest
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98.

Mt. Howard, Eagle Cap WA, ORModern

Sample: Mt. Howard, Eagle Cap WA, OR
Latitude: 45,258
Longitude: -117.175
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Festuca viridula-Stipa occidentalis alpine grassland
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98. 

Boardman RNA, ORModern

Sample: Boardman RNA, OR
Latitude: 45,733
Longitude: -119,633
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Artemisia-Agropyron shrub steppe
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98. 

Metolius RNA, Deschutes NF, ORModern

Sample: Metolius RNA, Deschutes NF, OR 
Latitude: 44,5
Longitude: -121,625
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Pinus contorta-Festuca idahoensis forest
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98.

Frog Camp Rd., Willamette NF, ORModern

Sample: Frog Camp Rd., Willamette NF, OR
Latitude: 44,2
Longitude: -121,875
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Pinus contorta–Abies lasiocarpa forest
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98.

Horse Ridge RNA, ORModern

Sample: Horse Ridge RNA, OR
Latitude: 43,93333
Longitude: -121,033
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Juniperus-Artemisia-Agropyron-Festuca woodland
Reference: Blinnikov, M., 2005. Phytoliths in plants and soils of the Pacific Northwest. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 135, 71-98.

Altay 31Modern

Sample: Altay 31
Latitude: 53,56528
Longitude: 83,73917
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Bromopsis inermis-Dactylis glomerata meadow
Reference: Silantyeva, M., Solomonova, M., Speranskaja, N., Blinnikov, M., 2018. Phytoliths of temperate forest-steppe: a case study from the Altay, Russia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 250, 1-15. 

Altay 23Modern

Sample: Altay 23
Latitude: 50,32472
Longitude: 87,63333
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Larix-Pinus sibirica forest
Reference: Silantyeva, M., Solomonova, M., Speranskaja, N., Blinnikov, M., 2018. Phytoliths of temperate forest-steppe: a case study from the Altay, Russia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 250, 1-15. 

Altay 21Modern

Sample: Altay 21
Latitude: 53,56722
Longitude: 83,74
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Birch forest
Reference: Silantyeva, M., Solomonova, M., Speranskaja, N., Blinnikov, M., 2018. Phytoliths of temperate forest-steppe: a case study from the Altay, Russia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 250, 1-15. 

Altay 1Modern

Sample: Altay 1
Latitude: 53,32806
Longitude: 79,12028
Age: Modern
Current vegetation: Festuca-Stipa-Artemisia steppe
Reference: Silantyeva, M., Solomonova, M., Speranskaja, N., Blinnikov, M., 2018. Phytoliths of temperate forest-steppe: a case study from the Altay, Russia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 250, 1-15. 

10 Poaceae speciesPlant

"Sample:: 10 Poaceae species,
Latitude: 46.1412,
Longitude: -93.745,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Circum-boreal forest and wetlands,
Reference: Yost, C.L., Blinnikov, M.S., 2011. Locally diagnostic phytoliths of wild rice (Zizania palustris L.) from Minnesota, USA: comparison to other wetland grasses and usefulness for archaeobotany and paleoecological reconstructions. Journal of Archaeological Science 38, 1977–1991."

Laetoli-Paleontological localitiesFossil"Sample:: Laetoli-Paleontological localities,
Latitude: -3.2,
Longitude: 35.1666666666667,
Age: 4.4 - 2 Ma,
Current vegetation: Mixed woodlands and grasslands,
Reference: Rossouw, L., Scott, L., 2011. phytoliths and pollen, the microscopic plant remains in Pliocene volcanic sediments around Laetoli, Tanzania, in: Harrison, T. (Ed.), Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context. Volume 1: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology and Paleoenvironment. Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Dordrecht. / Barboni, D., 2014. Vegetation of Northern Tanzania during the Plio-Pleistocene: A synthesis of the paleobotanical evidences from Laetoli, Olduvai, and Peninj hominin sites. Quaternary International, The Evolution of Hominin Behavior during the Oldowan-Acheulian Transition: Recent Evidence from Olduvai Gorge and Peninj (Tanzania) 322–323, 264–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2014.01.016"
PeninjFossil"Sample:: Peninj,
Latitude: -2.37555555555556,
Longitude: 35.9166666666667,
Age: 1.5 Ma,
Current vegetation: Scrubland,
Reference: Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Serrallonga, J., Juan-Tresserras, J., Alcala, L., Luque, L., 2001. Woodworking activities by early humans: a plant residue analysis on Acheulian stone tools from Peninj (Tanzania). Journal of Human Evolution 40, 289–299. https://doi.org/10.1006/jhev.2000.0466 / Barboni, D., 2014. Vegetation of Northern Tanzania during the Plio-Pleistocene: A synthesis of the paleobotanical evidences from Laetoli, Olduvai, and Peninj hominin sites. Quaternary International, The Evolution of Hominin Behavior during the Oldowan-Acheulian Transition: Recent Evidence from Olduvai Gorge and Peninj (Tanzania) 322–323, 264–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2014.01.016"
Laetoli-Lemagrut (280)Modern"Sample:: Laetoli-Lemagrut (280),
Latitude: -3.16666666666667,
Longitude: 35.35,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Secondary high elevation grassland (c. 2600 m),
Reference: Rossouw, L., Scott, L., 2011. phytoliths and pollen, the microscopic plant remains in Pliocene volcanic sediments around Laetoli, Tanzania, in: Harrison, T. (Ed.), Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context. Volume 1: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology and Paleoenvironment. Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Dordrecht."
Laetoli-Lemagrut (279)Modern"Sample:: Laetoli-Lemagrut (279),
Latitude: -3.16666666666667,
Longitude: 35.35,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Secondary high elevation grassland (c. 2600 m),
Reference: Rossouw, L., Scott, L., 2011. phytoliths and pollen, the microscopic plant remains in Pliocene volcanic sediments around Laetoli, Tanzania, in: Harrison, T. (Ed.), Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context. Volume 1: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology and Paleoenvironment. Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Dordrecht."
Laetoli-Oldonyo Mati Hills (278)Modern"Sample:: Laetoli-Oldonyo Mati Hills (278),
Latitude: -3.21666666666667,
Longitude: 35.235,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Tall mixed woodland with grassland patches (c. 1900 m),
Reference: Rossouw, L., Scott, L., 2011. phytoliths and pollen, the microscopic plant remains in Pliocene volcanic sediments around Laetoli, Tanzania, in: Harrison, T. (Ed.), Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context. Volume 1: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology and Paleoenvironment. Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Dordrecht."
Kaveri River Bassin (river samples)Modern"Sample:: Kaveri River Bassin (river samples),
Latitude: 12,
Longitude: 76.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Dry decidous forests,
Reference: Meunier, J., Riotte, J., Braun, J., Sekhar, M., Chalié, F., Barboni, D., Saccone, L., 2015. Controls of DSi in streams and reservoirs along the Kaveri River, South India. Science of the Total Environment 502, 103–113."
Koro-Toro cordon (KT-cordon)Fossil"Sample:: Koro-Toro cordon (KT-cordon),
Latitude: 16,
Longitude: 18.8333333333333,
Age: 1.11 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
Kollé (KL)Fossil"Sample:: Kollé (KL),
Latitude: 16.4166666666667,
Longitude: 19.1,
Age: 4.04 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
Taudi Orchianga (TO)Fossil"Sample:: Taudi Orchianga (TO),
Latitude: 16.4166666666667,
Longitude: 18.8333333333333,
Age: <1 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
Kossom-Bougoudi (KB)Fossil"Sample:: Kossom-Bougoudi (KB) ,
Latitude: 16.3333333333333,
Longitude: 18.75,
Age: 5.44 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
Gorouboussanga (Gorouboussanga/GBS3)Modern"Sample:: Gorouboussanga (Gorouboussanga/GBS3),
Latitude: 11.925,
Longitude: 3.397,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Boumba (Boumba/BBA2)Modern"Sample:: Boumba (Boumba/BBA2),
Latitude: 12.408,
Longitude: 2.869,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Park W (Park W/PRK9)Modern"Sample:: Park W (Park W/PRK9),
Latitude: 12.451,
Longitude: 2.441,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Sassoumbroum (Sassoumbroum/SSB3)Modern"Sample:: Sassoumbroum (Sassoumbroum/SSB3),
Latitude: 13.097,
Longitude: 8.529,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Gurguzu (Gurguzu/GGZ1)Modern"Sample:: Gurguzu (Gurguzu/GGZ1),
Latitude: 13.099,
Longitude: 8.879,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Baban Rafi (Baban Rafi/BRF4)Modern"Sample:: Baban Rafi (Baban Rafi/BRF4),
Latitude: 13.109,
Longitude: 6.855,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Madarounfa (Madarounfa/MDR5)Modern"Sample:: Madarounfa (Madarounfa/MDR5),
Latitude: 13.327,
Longitude: 7.17,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Bakabe (BKB4/BKB8)Modern"Sample:: Bakabe (BKB4/BKB8),
Latitude: 13.37,
Longitude: 7.627,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Desga (DSG7/DSG7)Modern"Sample:: Desga (DSG7/DSG7),
Latitude: 13.452,
Longitude: 8.557,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Sabonyayi (SYY6/SYY3)Modern"Sample:: Sabonyayi (SYY6/SYY3),
Latitude: 13.807,
Longitude: 3.759,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Kelle (KLG7/KLG2)Modern"Sample:: Kelle (KLG7/KLG2),
Latitude: 14.258,
Longitude: 10.113,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Tadiss (TDS2/TDS6)Modern"Sample:: Tadiss (TDS2/TDS6),
Latitude: 14.58,
Longitude: 5.189,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian grassland,
Reference: Issaharou-Matchi, I., Barboni, D., Meunier, J.-D., Saadou, M., Dussouillez, P., Contoux, C., Zirihi-Guede, N., 2016. Intraspecific biogenic silica variations in the grass species Pennisetum pedicellatum along an evapotranspiration gradient in South Niger. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 220, 84–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.02.008"
Ferralsol soil profile (site A)Fossil"Sample:: Ferralsol soil profile (site A),
Latitude: 11.73,
Longitude: 76.45,
Age: >1000 yr?,
Current vegetation: Dry deciduous forest with the Anogeissus – Tectona - Terminalia,
Reference: Riotte, J., Meunier, J.-D., Zambardi, T., Audry, S., Barboni, D., Anupama, K., Prasad, S., Chmeleff, J., Poitrasson, F., Sekhar, M., 2018. Processes controlling silicon isotopic fractionation in a forested tropical watershed: Mule Hole Critical Zone Observatory (Southern India). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta."
Vertisol soil profile (site D, N1-4)Fossil"Sample:: Vertisol soil profile (site D, N1-4),
Latitude: 11.73,
Longitude: 76.45,
Age: >1000 yr?,
Current vegetation: Swamp with Ceriscoides turgida,
Reference: Riotte, J., Meunier, J.-D., Zambardi, T., Audry, S., Barboni, D., Anupama, K., Prasad, S., Chmeleff, J., Poitrasson, F., Sekhar, M., 2018. Processes controlling silicon isotopic fractionation in a forested tropical watershed: Mule Hole Critical Zone Observatory (Southern India). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta."
D (Swamp) Vertisol/ GneissModern"Sample:: D (Swamp) Vertisol/ Gneiss,
Latitude: 11.73,
Longitude: 76.45,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Swamp with Ceriscoides turgida,
Reference: Riotte, J., Meunier, J.-D., Zambardi, T., Audry, S., Barboni, D., Anupama, K., Prasad, S., Chmeleff, J., Poitrasson, F., Sekhar, M., 2018. Processes controlling silicon isotopic fractionation in a forested tropical watershed: Mule Hole Critical Zone Observatory (Southern India). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta."
C (Shorea) Sapro/ GneissModern"Sample:: C (Shorea) Sapro/ Gneiss,
Latitude: 11.73,
Longitude: 76.45,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Dry decidous forest with Shorea trees,
Reference: Riotte, J., Meunier, J.-D., Zambardi, T., Audry, S., Barboni, D., Anupama, K., Prasad, S., Chmeleff, J., Poitrasson, F., Sekhar, M., 2018. Processes controlling silicon isotopic fractionation in a forested tropical watershed: Mule Hole Critical Zone Observatory (Southern India). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta."
B (ATT) Vertisol/ Amph.Modern"Sample:: B (ATT) Vertisol/ Amph.,
Latitude: 11.73,
Longitude: 76.45,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Dry deciduous forest with the Anogeissus – Tectona - Terminalia,
Reference: Riotte, J., Meunier, J.-D., Zambardi, T., Audry, S., Barboni, D., Anupama, K., Prasad, S., Chmeleff, J., Poitrasson, F., Sekhar, M., 2018. Processes controlling silicon isotopic fractionation in a forested tropical watershed: Mule Hole Critical Zone Observatory (Southern India). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta."
A (ATT) Ferral./ GneissModern"Sample:: A (ATT) Ferral./ Gneiss,
Latitude: 11.73,
Longitude: 76.45,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Dry deciduous forest with the Anogeissus – Tectona - Terminalia,
Reference: Riotte, J., Meunier, J.-D., Zambardi, T., Audry, S., Barboni, D., Anupama, K., Prasad, S., Chmeleff, J., Poitrasson, F., Sekhar, M., 2018. Processes controlling silicon isotopic fractionation in a forested tropical watershed: Mule Hole Critical Zone Observatory (Southern India). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta."
BOL-boreholeFossil"Sample:: BOL-borehole,
Latitude: 13.5,
Longitude: 14.6666666666667,
Age: 6.3 - 2.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., Lebatard, A.-E., Moussa, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Bourlès, D.L., Paillès, C., Buchet, G., Decarreau, A., Duringer, P., Ghienne, J.-F., Maley, J., Mazur, J.-C., Roquin, C., Schuster, M., Vignaud, P., 2015. Diatom, phytolith, and pollen records from a 10Be/9Be dated lacustrine succession in the Chad basin: Insight on the Miocene–Pliocene paleoenvironmental changes in Central Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 430, 85–103."
SA52Fossil"Sample:: SA52,
Latitude: 10.4552694444444,
Longitude: 40.4845805555556,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA51Fossil"Sample:: SA51,
Latitude: 10.4552694444444,
Longitude: 40.4845805555556,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA49Fossil"Sample:: SA49,
Latitude: 10.4552694444444,
Longitude: 40.4845805555556,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA48Fossil"Sample:: SA48,
Latitude: 10.4552694444444,
Longitude: 40.4845805555556,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA47Fossil"Sample:: SA47,
Latitude: 10.4552694444444,
Longitude: 40.4845805555556,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA54Fossil"Sample:: SA54,
Latitude: 10.4661916666667,
Longitude: 40.4646666666667,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA53Fossil"Sample:: SA53,
Latitude: 10.4661916666667,
Longitude: 40.4646666666667,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA46Fossil"Sample:: SA46,
Latitude: 10.4698527777778,
Longitude: 40.4618694444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA45Fossil"Sample:: SA45,
Latitude: 10.4698527777778,
Longitude: 40.4618694444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA44Fossil"Sample:: SA44,
Latitude: 10.4698527777778,
Longitude: 40.4618694444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA43Fossil"Sample:: SA43,
Latitude: 10.4698527777778,
Longitude: 40.4618694444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA42Fossil"Sample:: SA42,
Latitude: 10.4698527777778,
Longitude: 40.4618694444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA41Fossil"Sample:: SA41,
Latitude: 10.4698527777778,
Longitude: 40.4618694444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA40Fossil"Sample:: SA40,
Latitude: 10.4698527777778,
Longitude: 40.4618694444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA39Fossil"Sample:: SA39,
Latitude: 10.47885,
Longitude: 40.4504166666667,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA38Fossil"Sample:: SA38,
Latitude: 10.47885,
Longitude: 40.4504166666667,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA37Fossil"Sample:: SA37,
Latitude: 10.47885,
Longitude: 40.4504166666667,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA36Fossil"Sample:: SA36,
Latitude: 10.47885,
Longitude: 40.4504166666667,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
MA94-114Fossil"Sample:: MA94-114,
Latitude: 10.4766333333333,
Longitude: 40.445125,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
MA94-113Fossil"Sample:: MA94-113,
Latitude: 10.4766333333333,
Longitude: 40.445125,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
MA94-112Fossil"Sample:: MA94-112,
Latitude: 10.4766333333333,
Longitude: 40.445125,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA33Fossil"Sample:: SA33,
Latitude: 10.4766333333333,
Longitude: 40.445125,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA32Fossil"Sample:: SA32,
Latitude: 10.4766333333333,
Longitude: 40.445125,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA31Fossil"Sample:: SA31,
Latitude: 10.4766333333333,
Longitude: 40.445125,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA23Fossil"Sample:: SA23,
Latitude: 10.4787388888889,
Longitude: 40.44265,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA21Fossil"Sample:: SA21,
Latitude: 10.47405,
Longitude: 40.4358944444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA20Fossil"Sample:: SA20,
Latitude: 10.47405,
Longitude: 40.4358944444444,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA19Fossil"Sample:: SA19,
Latitude: 10.4698138888889,
Longitude: 40.43275,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA18Fossil"Sample:: SA18,
Latitude: 10.4698138888889,
Longitude: 40.43275,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA17Fossil"Sample:: SA17,
Latitude: 10.4698138888889,
Longitude: 40.43275,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA12Fossil"Sample:: SA12,
Latitude: 10.45675,
Longitude: 40.4227611111111,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
SA11Fossil"Sample:: SA11,
Latitude: 10.45675,
Longitude: 40.4227611111111,
Age: 4.4 Ma,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: WoldeGabriel G., S. Ambrose, D. Barboni et al., 2009. The Geological, Isotopic, Botanical, Invertebrate, and Lower Vertebrate Surroundings of Ardipithecus ramidus. SCIENCE. 326, doi:10.1126/science.1175817."
S5_Saa_valleyModern"Sample:: S5_Saa_valley,
Latitude: 7.652,
Longitude: -8.41,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest with Maranthaceae understory,
Reference: Doris Barboni, unpublished data"
S4_Madei_riverModern"Sample:: S4_Madei_river,
Latitude: 7.647,
Longitude: -8.42,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Riparian forest,
Reference: Doris Barboni, unpublished data"
S3_KalazeyeilatonModern"Sample:: S3_Kalazeyeilaton,
Latitude: 7.629,
Longitude: -8.41,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: High altitude savanna,
Reference: Doris Barboni, unpublished data"
S2_BogopaModern"Sample:: S2_Bogopa,
Latitude: 7.628,
Longitude: -8.44,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Secondary forest,
Reference: Doris Barboni, unpublished data"
S1_TongbongbonModern"Sample:: S1_Tongbongbon,
Latitude: 7.638,
Longitude: -8.42,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Primary forest,
Reference: Doris Barboni, unpublished data"
F17Modern"Sample:: F17,
Latitude: 0.76502,
Longitude: 15.36163,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Marantaceae forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., S. Bodin, I. Bentaleb, C. Favier, and S. Canal. 2016. Past tree cover of the Congo Basin recovered by phytoliths and _ 13 C along soil profiles. Quaternary International."
F15Modern"Sample:: F15,
Latitude: 0.40898,
Longitude: 15.41275,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: wooded savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., S. Bodin, I. Bentaleb, C. Favier, and S. Canal. 2016. Past tree cover of the Congo Basin recovered by phytoliths and _ 13 C along soil profiles. Quaternary International."
F7Modern"Sample:: F7,
Latitude: 2.96572,
Longitude: 16.99827,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: dense mixed terra firme forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., S. Bodin, I. Bentaleb, C. Favier, and S. Canal. 2016. Past tree cover of the Congo Basin recovered by phytoliths and _ 13 C along soil profiles. Quaternary International."
F19Modern"Sample:: F19,
Latitude: 1.29948,
Longitude: 16.19462,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Marantaceae forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., S. Bodin, I. Bentaleb, C. Favier, and S. Canal. 2016. Past tree cover of the Congo Basin recovered by phytoliths and _ 13 C along soil profiles. Quaternary International."
MA94-101Modern"Sample:: MA94-101,
Latitude: 10.45,
Longitude: 40.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Riparian forest,
Reference: Barboni, D., R. Bonnefille, A. Alexandre, and J. Meunier. 1999. Phytoliths as paleoenvironmental indicators, west side Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 152:87-100."
MA94-106Modern"Sample:: MA94-106,
Latitude: 10.52,
Longitude: 40.43,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Tree savanna (along seasonal river),
Reference: Barboni, D., R. Bonnefille, A. Alexandre, and J. Meunier. 1999. Phytoliths as paleoenvironmental indicators, west side Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 152:87-100."
MA94-103Modern"Sample:: MA94-103,
Latitude: 10.47,
Longitude: 40.45,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Steppe,
Reference: Barboni, D., R. Bonnefille, A. Alexandre, and J. Meunier. 1999. Phytoliths as paleoenvironmental indicators, west side Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 152:87-100."
RB 94-2Modern"Sample:: RB 94-2,
Latitude: 10.45,
Longitude: 40.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Swamp Cyperaceae, riparian forest,
Reference: Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
RBOl 10Modern"Sample:: RBOl 10,
Latitude: -3.17,
Longitude: 35.47,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Shrub savanna,
Reference: Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
RBOl 17Modern"Sample:: RBOl 17,
Latitude: -3.03,
Longitude: 35.12,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
RBOl 15Modern"Sample:: RBOl 15,
Latitude: -3.02,
Longitude: 35.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
RBOl 14Modern"Sample:: RBOl 14,
Latitude: -2.98,
Longitude: 35.47,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Steppe (short grasses),
Reference: Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
ALEX 83/47Modern"Sample:: ALEX 83/47,
Latitude: 15.33,
Longitude: -13.33,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Shrub short-grass savanna,
Reference: Alexandre, A., J. D. Meunier, A. M. LÇzine, A. Vincens, and D. Schwartz. 1997. Phytoliths: indicators of grassland dynamics during the late Holocene in intertropical Africa. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 136:213-229."
ALEX 83/13Modern"Sample:: ALEX 83/13,
Latitude: 15.17,
Longitude: -15.67,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Tree/shrub short-grass savanna,
Reference: Alexandre, A., J. D. Meunier, A. M. LÇzine, A. Vincens, and D. Schwartz. 1997. Phytoliths: indicators of grassland dynamics during the late Holocene in intertropical Africa. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 136:213-229."
ALEX LDAIModern"Sample:: ALEX LDAI,
Latitude: -4.02,
Longitude: 13.12,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Shrub tall-grass savanna,
Reference: Alexandre, A., J. D. Meunier, A. M. LÇzine, A. Vincens, and D. Schwartz. 1997. Phytoliths: indicators of grassland dynamics during the late Holocene in intertropical Africa. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 136:213-229."
MAS 14Modern"Sample:: MAS 14,
Latitude: -9.34,
Longitude: 33.76,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Moist miombo with tall-grasses (Uapaca),
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, O. Peyron, and J. Guiot. 2005b. Grass water stress estimated from phytoliths in West Africa. Journal of Biogeography 32:311-327. / Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
MAS 9Modern"Sample:: MAS 9,
Latitude: -9.34,
Longitude: 33.76,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Moist miombo with tall-grasses (Uapaca),
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, O. Peyron, and J. Guiot. 2005b. Grass water stress estimated from phytoliths in West Africa. Journal of Biogeography 32:311-327. / Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
MAS 8Modern"Sample:: MAS 8,
Latitude: -9.34,
Longitude: 33.76,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Moist miombo with tall-grasses (Uapaca),
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, O. Peyron, and J. Guiot. 2005b. Grass water stress estimated from phytoliths in West Africa. Journal of Biogeography 32:311-327. / Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
MAS 7Modern"Sample:: MAS 7,
Latitude: -9.34,
Longitude: 33.76,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Moist miombo with tall-grasses (Uapaca),
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, O. Peyron, and J. Guiot. 2005b. Grass water stress estimated from phytoliths in West Africa. Journal of Biogeography 32:311-327. / Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
MAS 3Modern"Sample:: MAS 3,
Latitude: -9.34,
Longitude: 33.76,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Moist miombo with tall-grasses (Uapaca),
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, O. Peyron, and J. Guiot. 2005b. Grass water stress estimated from phytoliths in West Africa. Journal of Biogeography 32:311-327. / Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
MAS 1Modern"Sample:: MAS 1,
Latitude: -9.34,
Longitude: 33.76,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Moist miombo with tall-grasses (Uapaca),
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, O. Peyron, and J. Guiot. 2005b. Grass water stress estimated from phytoliths in West Africa. Journal of Biogeography 32:311-327. / Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
DimonikaModern"Sample:: Dimonika ,
Latitude: -4,
Longitude: 12.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Wet evergreen forest,
Reference: Alexandre, A., J. D. Meunier, A. M. LÇzine, A. Vincens, and D. Schwartz. 1997. Phytoliths: indicators of grassland dynamics during the late Holocene in intertropical Africa. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 136:213-229."
Mke-U158Modern"Sample:: Mke-U158,
Latitude: 4.9,
Longitude: 22.9,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Dense tree/shrub savanna (Acacia), tall grasses,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Kivu-U83Modern"Sample:: Kivu-U83,
Latitude: -1.36,
Longitude: 27.98,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Primary tropical forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U135Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U135,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U167Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U167,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U164Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U164,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U131Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U131,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U174Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U174,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U141Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U141,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U117Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U117,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U98Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U98,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U149Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U149,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Gilbertiodendron rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U209Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U209,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Mixed tropical rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U213Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U213,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Mixed tropical rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U208Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U208,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Mixed tropical rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U142Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U142,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Mixed tropical rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U128Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U128,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Mixed tropical rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
Ituri-U183Modern"Sample:: Ituri-U183,
Latitude: -1.5,
Longitude: 27.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Mixed tropical rain forest,
Reference: Runge, F. 1999. The opal phytolith inventory of soils in central Africa--quantities, shapes, classification, and spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 107:23-53."
DC11-18Modern"Sample:: DC11-18,
Latitude: -34.41866667,
Longitude: 21.35148333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Dune cordon,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
STV11-21Modern"Sample:: STV11-21,
Latitude: -34.3731,
Longitude: 21.64463333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Strandveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
STV11-16Modern"Sample:: STV11-16,
Latitude: -34.4132,
Longitude: 21.37246667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Strandveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
STV11-01Modern"Sample:: STV11-01,
Latitude: -34.37883333,
Longitude: 21.41118333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Strandveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
CT06-06Modern"Sample:: CT06-06,
Latitude: -34.20847222,
Longitude: 22.08953889,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Coastal thicket,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
CT06-05Modern"Sample:: CT06-05,
Latitude: -34.20847222,
Longitude: 22.08953889,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Coastal thicket,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
CT06-02Modern"Sample:: CT06-02,
Latitude: -34.20847222,
Longitude: 22.08953889,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Coastal thicket,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
CT06-01Modern"Sample:: CT06-01,
Latitude: -34.20847222,
Longitude: 22.08953889,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Coastal thicket,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
StT09-06Modern"Sample:: StT09-06,
Latitude: -34.25073056,
Longitude: 21.90236111,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Subtropical thicket,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
StT09-05Modern"Sample:: StT09-05,
Latitude: -34.235825,
Longitude: 21.91685,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Subtropical thicket,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
StT09-04Modern"Sample:: StT09-04,
Latitude: -34.235825,
Longitude: 21.91684722,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Subtropical thicket,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV11-67Modern"Sample:: RV11-67,
Latitude: -34.25323333,
Longitude: 20.9884,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV11-58Modern"Sample:: RV11-58,
Latitude: -34.29145,
Longitude: 21.01003333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV11-32Modern"Sample:: RV11-32,
Latitude: -34.11173333,
Longitude: 21.01186667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV11-22Modern"Sample:: RV11-22,
Latitude: -34.10561667,
Longitude: 21.30705,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV11-15Modern"Sample:: RV11-15,
Latitude: -34.23876667,
Longitude: 21.79173333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV11-11Modern"Sample:: RV11-11,
Latitude: -34.1148,
Longitude: 21.25161667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV11-04Modern"Sample:: RV11-04,
Latitude: -34.28876667,
Longitude: 21.89245,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV10-09Modern"Sample:: RV10-09,
Latitude: -34.28396111,
Longitude: 21.76596111,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV10-04Modern"Sample:: RV10-04,
Latitude: -34.10858611,
Longitude: 22.04568333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV10-03Modern"Sample:: RV10-03,
Latitude: -34.01595,
Longitude: 22.00685,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV10-02Modern"Sample:: RV10-02,
Latitude: -34.03324722,
Longitude: 22.30835,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV10-01Modern"Sample:: RV10-01,
Latitude: -34.16553056,
Longitude: 22.005425,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV09-08Modern"Sample:: RV09-08,
Latitude: -34.08585833,
Longitude: 21.25053056,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV09-07Modern"Sample:: RV09-07,
Latitude: -34.08574444,
Longitude: 21.25053333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV09-03Modern"Sample:: RV09-03,
Latitude: -34.15229444,
Longitude: 22.00163056,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV09-02Modern"Sample:: RV09-02,
Latitude: -34.15241389,
Longitude: 22.0015,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
RV09-01Modern"Sample:: RV09-01,
Latitude: -34.15241389,
Longitude: 22.0015,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
F/RV10-07Modern"Sample:: F/RV10-07,
Latitude: -34.03696667,
Longitude: 22.18781667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Fynbos/Renosterveld,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
MF12-01Modern"Sample:: MF12-01,
Latitude: -33.880997,
Longitude: 22.043091,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Mountain fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
GF10-14Modern"Sample:: GF10-14,
Latitude: -34.0533,
Longitude: 22.99021667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Grassy fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
GF10-11Modern"Sample:: GF10-11,
Latitude: -34.08915,
Longitude: 21.91358333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Grassy fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
GF10-10Modern"Sample:: GF10-10,
Latitude: -34.08936667,
Longitude: 21.91323333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Grassy fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF11-82Modern"Sample:: SF11-82,
Latitude: -34.26395,
Longitude: 21.59831667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF11-62Modern"Sample:: SF11-62,
Latitude: -34.21151667,
Longitude: 21.5496,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF11-47Modern"Sample:: SF11-47,
Latitude: -34.2928,
Longitude: 21.5772,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF11-45Modern"Sample:: SF11-45,
Latitude: -34.22953333,
Longitude: 21.6038,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF11-43Modern"Sample:: SF11-43,
Latitude: -34.20115,
Longitude: 21.69343333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF11-42Modern"Sample:: SF11-42,
Latitude: -34.20858333,
Longitude: 21.70006667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF11-37Modern"Sample:: SF11-37,
Latitude: -34.35335,
Longitude: 21.69413333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF10-06Modern"Sample:: SF10-06,
Latitude: -34.34513333,
Longitude: 21.86923333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
SF10-05Modern"Sample:: SF10-05,
Latitude: -34.34465,
Longitude: 21.86868333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sand fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
LF11-85Modern"Sample:: LF11-85,
Latitude: -34.29261667,
Longitude: 21.7305,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Limestone fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
LF11-68Modern"Sample:: LF11-68,
Latitude: -34.31581667,
Longitude: 21.03331667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Limestone fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
LF11-23Modern"Sample:: LF11-23,
Latitude: -34.34333333,
Longitude: 21.2214,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Limestone fynbos,
Reference: Esteban, I., J. C. De Vynck, E. Singels, J. Vlok, C. W. Marean, R. M. Cowling, E. C. Fisher, D. Cabanes, and R. M. Albert. 2016. Modern soil phytolith assemblages used as proxies for Paleoscape reconstruction on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary International."
5Modern"Sample:: 5,
Latitude: 8.92166667,
Longitude: 17.87666667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
6Modern"Sample:: 6,
Latitude: 9.06972222,
Longitude: 18.04388889,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
18Modern"Sample:: 18,
Latitude: 9.07416667,
Longitude: 18.05,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
7Modern"Sample:: 7,
Latitude: 9.08194444,
Longitude: 18.05888889,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
17Modern"Sample:: 17,
Latitude: 9.11944444,
Longitude: 18.08916667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
16Modern"Sample:: 16,
Latitude: 9.18055556,
Longitude: 18.13305556,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
9bModern"Sample:: 9b,
Latitude: 9.1925,
Longitude: 18.19694444,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
9aModern"Sample:: 9a,
Latitude: 9.1925,
Longitude: 18.19694444,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
10bModern"Sample:: 10b,
Latitude: 9.21611111,
Longitude: 18.15527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
10aModern"Sample:: 10a,
Latitude: 9.21611111,
Longitude: 18.15527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
11bModern"Sample:: 11b,
Latitude: 9.21944444,
Longitude: 18.14611111,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
11aModern"Sample:: 11a,
Latitude: 9.21944444,
Longitude: 18.14611111,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
12Modern"Sample:: 12,
Latitude: 9.22305556,
Longitude: 18.13611111,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
13Modern"Sample:: 13,
Latitude: 9.22416667,
Longitude: 18.13166667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
14Modern"Sample:: 14,
Latitude: 9.23361111,
Longitude: 18.10916667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
15Modern"Sample:: 15,
Latitude: 9.23888889,
Longitude: 18.095,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
19Modern"Sample:: 19,
Latitude: 9.73416667,
Longitude: 15.81194444,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian edaphic grasslands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
20Modern"Sample:: 20,
Latitude: 9.89472222,
Longitude: 15.79888889,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian edaphic grasslands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
2Modern"Sample:: 2,
Latitude: 9.99055556,
Longitude: 15.705,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian edaphic grasslands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
21Modern"Sample:: 21,
Latitude: 10.08305556,
Longitude: 15.55694444,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian edaphic grasslands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
1Modern"Sample:: 1,
Latitude: 10.6075,
Longitude: 15.56666667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian edaphic grasslands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
30Modern"Sample:: 30,
Latitude: 11.25333333,
Longitude: 20.09472222,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
29Modern"Sample:: 29,
Latitude: 11.44194444,
Longitude: 19.38305556,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
28Modern"Sample:: 28,
Latitude: 11.52611111,
Longitude: 19.17555556,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
26Modern"Sample:: 26,
Latitude: 11.71861111,
Longitude: 19.10944444,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
22Modern"Sample:: 22,
Latitude: 11.80305556,
Longitude: 15.21361111,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian edaphic grasslands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
36Modern"Sample:: 36,
Latitude: 12.41444444,
Longitude: 19.05944444,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
37Modern"Sample:: 37,
Latitude: 12.51972222,
Longitude: 19.68305556,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
38Modern"Sample:: 38,
Latitude: 12.65083333,
Longitude: 19.7,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sudanian undifferenciated woodlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
58Modern"Sample:: 58,
Latitude: 12.86888889,
Longitude: 14.74472222,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
56Modern"Sample:: 56,
Latitude: 12.87055556,
Longitude: 14.84,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
57aModern"Sample:: 57a,
Latitude: 12.91972222,
Longitude: 14.6275,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
57bModern"Sample:: 57b,
Latitude: 12.91972222,
Longitude: 14.6275,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
57cModern"Sample:: 57c,
Latitude: 12.91972222,
Longitude: 14.6275,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
57dModern"Sample:: 57d,
Latitude: 12.91972222,
Longitude: 14.6275,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
57eModern"Sample:: 57e,
Latitude: 12.91972222,
Longitude: 14.6275,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
43Modern"Sample:: 43,
Latitude: 13.025,
Longitude: 17.72777778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahel Acacia wooded grasslands and decidusou bushlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
44Modern"Sample:: 44,
Latitude: 13.06305556,
Longitude: 17.73583333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahel Acacia wooded grasslands and decidusou bushlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
46Modern"Sample:: 46,
Latitude: 13.15888889,
Longitude: 17.45527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
41Modern"Sample:: 41,
Latitude: 13.22166667,
Longitude: 19.16361111,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahel Acacia wooded grasslands and decidusou bushlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
48Modern"Sample:: 48,
Latitude: 13.25361111,
Longitude: 16.97805556,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
50Modern"Sample:: 50,
Latitude: 13.28222222,
Longitude: 16.93194444,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
40Modern"Sample:: 40,
Latitude: 13.31138889,
Longitude: 19.50583333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahel Acacia wooded grasslands and decidusou bushlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
39bModern"Sample:: 39b,
Latitude: 13.32416667,
Longitude: 19.66166667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahel Acacia wooded grasslands and decidusou bushlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
39aModern"Sample:: 39a,
Latitude: 13.32416667,
Longitude: 19.66166667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahel Acacia wooded grasslands and decidusou bushlands,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
A2Modern"Sample:: A2,
Latitude: 13.42305556,
Longitude: 14.76527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
A1Modern"Sample:: A1,
Latitude: 13.42305556,
Longitude: 14.76527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
A4Modern"Sample:: A4,
Latitude: 13.42305556,
Longitude: 14.76527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
A3Modern"Sample:: A3,
Latitude: 13.42305556,
Longitude: 14.76527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
C2Modern"Sample:: C2,
Latitude: 13.43083333,
Longitude: 14.73416667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
C1Modern"Sample:: C1,
Latitude: 13.43083333,
Longitude: 14.73416667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
BModern"Sample:: B,
Latitude: 13.42305556,
Longitude: 14.76527778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
51Modern"Sample:: 51,
Latitude: 13.77611111,
Longitude: 16.475,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
52bModern"Sample:: 52b,
Latitude: 13.79194444,
Longitude: 16.47777778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
52aModern"Sample:: 52a,
Latitude: 13.79194444,
Longitude: 16.47777778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
53Modern"Sample:: 53,
Latitude: 13.84611111,
Longitude: 16.49027778,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
54Modern"Sample:: 54,
Latitude: 13.92166667,
Longitude: 16.48333333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian edaphic grassland,
Reference: Novello, A., D. Barboni, L. Berti-Equille, J. C. Mazur, P. Poilecot, and P. Vignaud. 2012. Phytolith signal of aquatic plants and soils in Chad, Central Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 178:43_58. / Novello, A., D. Barboni, F. Sylvestre, A.-E. Lebatard, C. Pailläs, D. L. Bourläs, A. Likius, H. T. Mackaye, P. Vignaud, and M. Brunet. 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106:66-83."
T3-18Modern"Sample:: T3-18,
Latitude: 4.21667,
Longitude: 18.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T3-17Modern"Sample:: T3-17,
Latitude: 4.21667,
Longitude: 18.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T3-16Modern"Sample:: T3-16,
Latitude: 4.21667,
Longitude: 18.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T3-15Modern"Sample:: T3-15,
Latitude: 4.21667,
Longitude: 18.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T3-14Modern"Sample:: T3-14,
Latitude: 4.21667,
Longitude: 18.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T3-13Modern"Sample:: T3-13,
Latitude: 4.21667,
Longitude: 18.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T3-12Modern"Sample:: T3-12,
Latitude: 4.21667,
Longitude: 18.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T2-6Modern"Sample:: T2-6,
Latitude: 4.74,
Longitude: 18.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T2-5Modern"Sample:: T2-5,
Latitude: 4.74,
Longitude: 18.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T2-4Modern"Sample:: T2-4,
Latitude: 4.74,
Longitude: 18.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Forest,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T2-3Modern"Sample:: T2-3,
Latitude: 4.74,
Longitude: 18.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T2-2Modern"Sample:: T2-2,
Latitude: 4.74,
Longitude: 18.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T2-1Modern"Sample:: T2-1,
Latitude: 4.74,
Longitude: 18.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T1-11Modern"Sample:: T1-11,
Latitude: 4.7333,
Longitude: 18.0333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T1-10Modern"Sample:: T1-10,
Latitude: 4.7333,
Longitude: 18.0333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T1-9Modern"Sample:: T1-9,
Latitude: 4.7333,
Longitude: 18.0333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
T1-8Modern"Sample:: T1-8,
Latitude: 4.7333,
Longitude: 18.0333,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Aleman, J., B. Leys, R. Apema, I. Bentaleb, M. A. Dubois, B. Lamba, J. Lebamba, C. Martin, A. Ngomanda, L. Truc, J.-M. Yangakola, C. Favier, and L. Bremond. 2012. Reconstructing savanna tree cover from pollen, phytoliths and stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:187-197 "
CAM_1Modern"Sample:: CAM_1,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Swamp Raphia,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_2Modern"Sample:: CAM_2,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_3Modern"Sample:: CAM_3,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_4Modern"Sample:: CAM_4,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_5Modern"Sample:: CAM_5,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_6Modern"Sample:: CAM_6,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_7Modern"Sample:: CAM_7,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_8Modern"Sample:: CAM_8,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_9Modern"Sample:: CAM_9,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_10Modern"Sample:: CAM_10,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_11Modern"Sample:: CAM_11,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_12Modern"Sample:: CAM_12,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_13Modern"Sample:: CAM_13,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_14Modern"Sample:: CAM_14,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_15Modern"Sample:: CAM_15,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_16Modern"Sample:: CAM_16,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_17Modern"Sample:: CAM_17,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Ecotone,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_18Modern"Sample:: CAM_18,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Ecotone,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_19Modern"Sample:: CAM_19,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Ecotone,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_20Modern"Sample:: CAM_20,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Ecotone,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_21Modern"Sample:: CAM_21,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Ecotone,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_22Modern"Sample:: CAM_22,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_23Modern"Sample:: CAM_23,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_24Modern"Sample:: CAM_24,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_25Modern"Sample:: CAM_25,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
CAM_26Modern"Sample:: CAM_26,
Latitude: 4.33,
Longitude: 13.72,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-115Modern"Sample:: 83-115,
Latitude: 12.4,
Longitude: -12.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-151Modern"Sample:: 83-151,
Latitude: 12.48,
Longitude: -16.58,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.155Modern"Sample:: S.155,
Latitude: 12.55,
Longitude: -16.3,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-116Modern"Sample:: 83-116,
Latitude: 12.67,
Longitude: -12.18,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.136Modern"Sample:: S.136,
Latitude: 12.85,
Longitude: -14.74,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.138Modern"Sample:: S.138,
Latitude: 12.88,
Longitude: -14.86,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-103Modern"Sample:: 83-103,
Latitude: 12.92,
Longitude: -12.43,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.130Modern"Sample:: S.130,
Latitude: 12.92,
Longitude: -14.17,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-100Modern"Sample:: 83-100,
Latitude: 13.03,
Longitude: -12.63,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.128Modern"Sample:: S.128,
Latitude: 13.03,
Longitude: -14.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-127Modern"Sample:: 83-127,
Latitude: 13.07,
Longitude: -14.08,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-98Modern"Sample:: 83-98,
Latitude: 13.08,
Longitude: -12.83,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.93Modern"Sample:: S.93,
Latitude: 13.31,
Longitude: -13.23,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.122Modern"Sample:: S.122,
Latitude: 13.35,
Longitude: -13.94,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-122Modern"Sample:: 83-122,
Latitude: 13.35,
Longitude: -14.93,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-120Modern"Sample:: 83-120,
Latitude: 13.48,
Longitude: 13.83,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.91Modern"Sample:: S.91,
Latitude: 13.59,
Longitude: -13.4,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.88Modern"Sample:: S.88,
Latitude: 13.6,
Longitude: -13.56,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.118Modern"Sample:: S.118,
Latitude: 13.63,
Longitude: -13.74,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-68Modern"Sample:: 83-68,
Latitude: 13.88,
Longitude: -12.25,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.84Modern"Sample:: S.84,
Latitude: 13.93,
Longitude: -13.41,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-83Modern"Sample:: 83-83,
Latitude: 13.97,
Longitude: -13.32,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-70Modern"Sample:: 83-70,
Latitude: 14.05,
Longitude: -12.27,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
82-78Modern"Sample:: 82-78,
Latitude: 14.08,
Longitude: -16.05,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-75Modern"Sample:: 83-75,
Latitude: 14.12,
Longitude: -12.67,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
82-79Modern"Sample:: 82-79,
Latitude: 14.17,
Longitude: -16.1,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
82-77Modern"Sample:: 82-77,
Latitude: 14.63,
Longitude: -16.32,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-4Modern"Sample:: 83-4,
Latitude: 14.7,
Longitude: -16.5,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.5Modern"Sample:: S.5,
Latitude: 14.72,
Longitude: -16.16,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-65Modern"Sample:: 83-65,
Latitude: 14.75,
Longitude: -12.25,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.7Modern"Sample:: S.7,
Latitude: 14.79,
Longitude: -15.99,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-62Modern"Sample:: 83-62,
Latitude: 14.85,
Longitude: -12.33,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-8Modern"Sample:: 83-8,
Latitude: 14.9,
Longitude: -15.85,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.58Modern"Sample:: S.58,
Latitude: 15.06,
Longitude: -12.81,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.12Modern"Sample:: S.12,
Latitude: 15.21,
Longitude: -15.17,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-48Modern"Sample:: 83-48,
Latitude: 15.28,
Longitude: -13.45,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.54Modern"Sample:: S.54,
Latitude: 15.31,
Longitude: -12.99,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-15Modern"Sample:: 83-15,
Latitude: 15.33,
Longitude: -15.47,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-20Modern"Sample:: 83-20,
Latitude: 15.42,
Longitude: -15.12,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-46Modern"Sample:: 83-46,
Latitude: 15.43,
Longitude: -13.35,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.24Modern"Sample:: S.24,
Latitude: 15.69,
Longitude: -14.99,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.44Modern"Sample:: S.44,
Latitude: 15.83,
Longitude: -13.47,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.27Modern"Sample:: S.27,
Latitude: 15.92,
Longitude: -14.86,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
82-46Modern"Sample:: 82-46,
Latitude: 16,
Longitude: -15.95,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
82-47Modern"Sample:: 82-47,
Latitude: 16,
Longitude: -14.95,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.29Modern"Sample:: S.29,
Latitude: 16.08,
Longitude: -14.92,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.40Modern"Sample:: S.40,
Latitude: 16.1,
Longitude: -13.89,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-30Modern"Sample:: 83-30,
Latitude: 16.17,
Longitude: -14.93,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.32Modern"Sample:: S.32,
Latitude: 16.29,
Longitude: -15.35,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
S.33Modern"Sample:: S.33,
Latitude: 16.39,
Longitude: -14.82,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
83-95Modern"Sample:: 83-95,
Latitude: 16.5,
Longitude: -14.6,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
RIM_1Modern"Sample:: RIM_1,
Latitude: 16.68,
Longitude: -15.97,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
RIM_10Modern"Sample:: RIM_10,
Latitude: 16.73,
Longitude: -15.17,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
RIM_11Modern"Sample:: RIM_11,
Latitude: 16.93,
Longitude: -15.2,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
RIM_2Modern"Sample:: RIM_2,
Latitude: 19.93,
Longitude: -14.08,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
MAU_04Modern"Sample:: MAU_04,
Latitude: 20.23,
Longitude: -13.37,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
MAU_05Modern"Sample:: MAU_05,
Latitude: 20.4,
Longitude: -13.03,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
MAU_6Modern"Sample:: MAU_6,
Latitude: 20.63,
Longitude: -12.63,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
MAU_07Modern"Sample:: MAU_07,
Latitude: 20.93,
Longitude: -12.2,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
RIM_8Modern"Sample:: RIM_8,
Latitude: 21.03,
Longitude: -12.15,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
RIM_3Modern"Sample:: RIM_3,
Latitude: 21.53,
Longitude: -13,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Savanna,
Reference: Bremond, L., A. Alexandre, C. Hely, and J. Guiot. 2005a. A phytolith index as a proxy of tree cover density in tropical areas: Calibration with Leaf Area Index along a forest-savanna transect in southeastern Cameroon. Global and Planetary Change 45:277-293."
Toros-Menalla (TM)Fossil"Sample:: Toros-Menalla (TM),
Latitude: 16.25,
Longitude: 17.5,
Age: 7.13 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
RBOl 06Modern"Sample:: RBOl 06,
Latitude: -3.02,
Longitude: 35.47,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Swamp Cyperaceae,
Reference: Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
RBOl 12Modern"Sample:: RBOl 12,
Latitude: -3.02,
Longitude: 35.47,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Tree savanna (medium size grasses),
Reference: Barboni, D., L. Bremond, and R. Bonnefille. 2007. Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 246:454-470."
Kouba Olanga (KO)Fossil"Sample:: Kouba Olanga (KO),
Latitude: 15.8333333333333,
Longitude: 18.5,
Age: 4.2 - 2.3 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
Koro-Toro (KT)Fossil"Sample:: Koro-Toro (KT),
Latitude: 16,
Longitude: 18.8333333333333,
Age: 3.65 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
Bochianga (BO)Fossil"Sample:: Bochianga (BO),
Latitude: 16,
Longitude: 18.5,
Age: 6.91 - 5.89 Ma,
Current vegetation: Saharan desert,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., Sylvestre, F., Lebatard, A.-E., Paillès, C., Bourlès, D.L., Likius, A., Mackaye, H.T., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2017. Phytoliths indicate significant arboreal cover at Sahelanthropus type locality TM266 in northern Chad and a decrease in later sites. Journal of Human Evolution 106, 66–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.01.009"
BK-TOPPP-Trench14Fossil"Sample:: BK-TOPPP-Trench14,
Latitude: -2.996,
Longitude: 35.3243611111111,
Age: 1.34 Ma,
Current vegetation: Commiphora scrub with scattered Acacia,
Reference: Arráiz, H., Barboni, D., Uribelarrea, D., Mabulla, A., Baquedano, E., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., 2017b. Paleovegetation changes accompanying the evolution of a riverine system at the BK paleoanthropological site (Upper Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 488, 84–92."
AMKFossil"Sample:: AMK,
Latitude: -2.99333333333333,
Longitude: 35.3475555555556,
Age: 1.84 Ma,
Current vegetation: Commiphora scrub with scattered Acacia,
Reference: Aramendi, J., Uribelarrea, D., Arriaza, M.C., Arráiz, H., Barboni, D., Yravedra, J., Ortega, M.C., Gidna, A., Mabulla, A., Baquedano, E., others, 2017. The paleoecology and taphonomy of AMK (Bed I, Olduvai Gorge) and its contributions to the understanding of the “Zinj” paleolandscape. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology."
67 Poaceae speciesPlant"Sample:: 67 Poaceae species,
Latitude: 12.8333333333333,
Longitude: 15.6666666666667,
Age: Modern,
Current vegetation: Sahelian and Sudanian grasslands,
Reference: Novello, A., Barboni, D., 2015. Grass inflorescence phytoliths of useful species and wild cereals from sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 59, 10–22."